How to Choose the Right Microphone for Voiceover?

Working as a voiceover artist requires outstanding vocal skill, expressive acting performance, and the ability to convey emotions by controlling pitches. In the forefront of all of the above, the voice commentator needs the necessary voiceover tools to deliver his work to the fullest, and the first of these tools is a microphone for voiceover, which opens the doors to professionalism for its owner. What are the secrets of choosing this microphone? What are the types of microphones? What are the criteria for choosing the right microphone?

Areas of use of microphones It can get a little distracting when looking for types of microphones, as there are many types, each with a different sound field, such as: Outdoor photography, live broadcasting Mass conferences and seminars Video recording podcasts Documentaries Presentations How to choose the right microphone for voiceover? When it comes to choosing a professional voiceover microphone, you need a microphone that fits your voice capabilities first before looking at its price, and before looking at the capabilities of the microphone itself. You need to know the texture and capabilities of your voice well, so that you understand the areas of voiceover that are right for you, and the skills you have in terms of being a beginner or a professional. It's not just about looking for the best voiceover microphone, but the most suitable voiceover microphone for your tone, abilities, industry and workplace. So, we give you the criteria for choosing the right microphone for your voice, by reviewing the types of microphones and their uses, so that you are fully aware of everything you need in making the decision about choosing the right microphone. Types of microphones Microphones have many types, some of them are classified according to their shape and direction as polar pattern microphones, and with them you will find that the sound level depends on the direction of the holes in the microphone, and you only need to choose the appropriate design for the nature of your voice and the field and location of your work by knowing the direction of the polar pattern of the microphone you want. Among the microphones are what are classified according to their operating system, such as USB microphones that are easy to connect to a computer, and XLR microphones that give you great volume control and contain a P2 input for connecting to cameras and phones. There are dynamic and intense types. Some classify microphones according to the size of the membrane, whether it is large or small, and we will mention each of them in detail in this article.

First: Polar Patterns Microphones The shape and direction of the microphone openings for the audio commentary affect the microphone picking up the sound, for example, some of these openings may be closed and some are open, these openings are the ones that respond to the sound vibrations according to their direction, and thus determine the final sound quality. There are openings that respond to the front sounds only, others that respond to the front and rear sounds, and some that respond to all surrounding sounds. To decide which type of voiceover polar microphone is right for you, ask yourself the following questions: Do you need to record the sounds around you during the voiceover? Do you want to record only your voice? Will you use the microphone to conduct dialogue in a multi-person meeting? Your answers to the above questions will tell you which type of polar pattern microphone is right for your job. This type is one of the following types: 1. Cardioid microphone  The cardioid microphone focuses on recording the sound closest to the microphone (the front sound), and you find that the source of sound capture is in the shape of a heart, to isolate the rest of the sounds and noises that are on the side or the back. So, it is a good choice when you need a voiceover microphone that focuses on one voice. Obviously, it is best to point the microphone directly at the source of the sound. It is suitable for live broadcasting, conferences, etc. The working mechanism of the cardioid microphones is based on focusing strong sensors from the front, while those sensors decrease as we head back, thus picking up the front sound, and isolating the rest of the side and background sounds. 2. Hyper cardioid microphones Cardioid and cardioid mics are similar in mechanism of action, except that cardioid mics are less sensitive to background or ambient sounds, which makes them more resistant and insulating to those sounds. So, if you are looking for a vocal commentary microphone suitable for noisy environments, or rooms that are not isolated from noise, then the cardioid microphone is your perfect choice. 3. Omnidirectional mono microphones Unidirectional microphones can pick up sound traveling around the microphone from all directions. So; It is suitable for meetings, or if the audio is being recorded by a group of people, but we advise you not to use it in a noisy place because it does not isolate the background sounds. 4. Eight-shape microphones Eight-shape microphones are also called ribbon mics, or bidirectional mics, as the distribution pattern of sound pickup sources resembles the number 8. These sources are distributed in the front and back, to record sounds from the front and back only, thus isolating sounds from both sides. If you are looking for a voiceover microphone for stereo recordings, the ribbon microphone is the right choice for you. 5. Shotgun Microphones Shotgun microphones are one of the most important types of mono microphones, as they are one of the most responsive to frontal sounds, because of their sharp front angle, and therefore are used in places full of noise, because they focus well on capturing the sound directed at them only, they are one of the best voiceover microphones used in recordings, Or external interviews in stadiums and parties Second: Types of microphones according to the membrane When choosing a microphone for voiceover, you will need to know the type and size of the diaphragm that the microphone contains, because this will help you choose the appropriate microphone. vocalists, as it gives an attractive depth to the human voice. Microphones with small diaphragms are widely used to pick up high-frequency resonant sounds. Here, we will first look at the types of sounds according to the unit hertz, which is the unit of sound invented by the scientist Heinrich Hertz, which measures the rate of sound cycle per second, and varies from person to person, for example: The normal sound of a man ranges from 110 to 120 Hz. A woman's normal voice ranges from 200 to 210 Hz. The children's voice ranges from 300 to 400 Hz. We conclude from this that the higher the number of hertz units per second, the more resonant and sharper the sound, and through this you can determine whether you need a large diaphragm microphone that can pick up low-frequency sounds, or a small diaphragm to pick up high frequencies. How to choose a microphone for voiceover After you know the types of microphones in terms of their installation and design, it remains to know how to choose the right microphone for the field of voice commentary in terms of operating system and sound intensity, for example, USB microphones can be connected to a computer, while the XLR can be connected to a computer or any other device, and each of them has a mechanism private work. Microphones also differ in terms of sound intensity, some of them dynamic and some of them condensed. We describe these types as follows: First: USB microphone The USB microphone is easy to use, and has a reasonable price for all categories. It is connected to your computer and the necessary audio commentary programs are installed on it, but this type is limited in use and you cannot connect it to any other device such as cameras and phones that do not have a USB port, but some of them can be played on the phone through the OTG connection. Second: XLR microphones In your search for a microphone for voiceover, an XLR microphone should come in handy. So what is it, and how does it work? Is it a suitable microphone for voiceover? The XLR microphone is the professional choice for voiceovers who have set up their own audio recording studio. This type differs in how it operates, as it can be connected to a computer or any other device by a traditional analog cable to a separate device, and the P2 input. It also provides you with a control panel that helps you to modify the sound without resorting to voiceover modification programs. You may need an external sound card mixer if you are using an XLR microphone, as this gives you greater control over the volume. It is the best choice you can use for podcasts Do you choose a USB or XLR voice-over microphone? To sum up, if you are a beginner in the field of voice overs, a USB microphone will be the most suitable option for you, due to its ease of use, simplicity, clear sound, and extremely affordable prices. If you are looking for a microphone for more professional work, XLR microphones are your best choice. Third: the dynamic microphone The dynamic microphone does not require a power supply attached to it, yet it gives you the best professional results, and is one of the best types of microphones, as it works to isolate the noise professionally. So, if sound clarity and free from any background noise is a priority in your search for a microphone for voiceover, then a dynamic microphone is an excellent choice for you.

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